This is a century of widespread Internet usage, security being the topmost priority. Systems are vulnerable to cyber-attacks because of the increasing number of internet users via mobile and web applications. Statistics show that more than 70 percent of the applications either have vulnerabilities which could potentially be exploited or already been exploited by a hacker. Not just the individuals but major IT firms can sometimes be vulnerable to such cyber-attacks. Losing data can result in the loss of money or reputation of the company.
To fight all the risks related system or network security, Vulnerability Assessment and Penetration Testing (VAPT) has been in practice for many years now. VAPT is a technical assessment process to find security bugs in a software program or a computer network. Venerability and Penetration Testing (VAPT) are two types of vulnerability testing. The tests have different strengths and are often combined to achieve a complete vulnerability analysis. In short, Penetration Testing and Vulnerability Assessments perform two different tasks, usually with different results, within the same area of focus. They both have their own area of expertise. Vulnerability assessment can help identify the loopholes in a system while penetration testing is an approach to actually explore and exploit a vulnerability.
Together, penetration testing and vulnerability assessment tools provide a detailed picture of the flaws that exist in an application and the risks associated with those flaws.
Now, let’s understand both of them:
Vulnerability Assessments – It is designed to prioritize a list of vulnerabilities exists in a system. The more issues identified the better, so naturally, a white box approach should be embraced when possible. The deliverable for the assessment is the list of discovered vulnerabilities and suggestion on how to eradicate them.
Penetration Tests – These tests are designed to achieve a specific, attacker-simulated goal. Tests trying to break the system by penetrating it continuously with various methods. It is generally requested by customers who are already at their desired security posture. The goal of this testing is to penetrate the database and access the contents of it on the internal network or to modify a record in an HR system. It specifically works on finding the flaws which are potentially exploitable and measure the severity of each flaw. It tests how damaging could a flaw be if real cyber-attack strikes.
Benefits of VAPT